What are the different types of law?

Popular fields of law: Admiralty Law, Commercial Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Environmental Law, First Amendment Law, Health Law, Intellectual Property Law. Animal law is the field of law that has non-human animals as its subject. Working in the field of animal law means that your main objective will be to defend animal rights together with the organizations and allies that serve and represent them. The duties of lawyers specializing in animal law include defending the legal status of endangered wildlife and domestic animals, as well as exposing inhumane facilities and practices with respect to animals.

Banking and financial law is defined as the legal practice that oversees “the organization, ownership and operation of banks and depository institutions, mortgage banks and other financial service providers regulated or authorized by state or federal banking regulators and holding companies.”. This also includes financial institutions and their lending practices to borrowers. More generally, banking and financial law aims to regulate banking and financial institutions, their practices with each other, the way they do business with others, reporting practices, taxes and transactions. Professionals in this field may find themselves working as in-house advisors for a financial institution, credit unions, or for a banking and finance law firm.

Civil rights law guarantees the right of individuals to be treated equally and prohibits discrimination. Civil liberties refer to the basic rights and freedoms guaranteed in federal and state constitutions. Lawyers who work to protect civil rights and individual civil liberties have the capacity to ensure that all people are treated equally before the law. In addition, many lawyers interested in civil rights law may work for non-profit organizations focused on addressing civil rights issues in society.

Some of these organizations include the ACLU, the Southern Poverty Law Center, Human Rights Campaign, and other non-profit organizations. However, major private corporations, such as The New York Times, also use lawyers specializing in this field of law when faced with a variety of issues. Constitutional law refers to the interpretation, adherence to, and amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

UU. Attorneys in this branch can practice privately or for firms. On any given day, they may be representing clients, discussing cases, or litigating in court. News suggests that this field can sometimes serve as a complement to students' legal education, since constitutional law jobs, such as arguing before the Supreme Court or becoming an esteemed judge, are scarce.

However, this field offers a great opportunity for lawyers to work intimately within the framework of our nation. The Constitution has numerous applications that are relevant to many other areas that concern citizens and their rights. By studying this field, aspiring lawyers can deepen their legal understanding and use this knowledge in the branches of civil or criminal law. Corporate law is the field of law that establishes the rules and regulations necessary for corporations to form and function.

Working in corporate law means that your main objective will be to address all aspects of the legal administration of a corporation. The functions of corporate lawyers include managing merger procedures, acquisitions, liability disputes, patents, legal compliance and more. This field of law can also be combined with civil rights law, specifically when questions are raised about due process in legal proceedings for legal and undocumented immigrants, and about whether or not the legal system respects constitutional rights. In other words, each judicial entity has government bodies that create common, statutory and regulatory laws, although some legal issues are more frequently addressed at the federal level, while other issues are in the domain of the states.

3 For example, civil rights, immigration, interstate commerce, and constitutional issues are subject to federal jurisdiction. Issues such as domestic relationships, which include domestic violence, marriage and divorce, businesses, property, contracts, and criminal laws, are generally governed by states, unless there is a federal preference. 4.State laws and terminology will vary from state to state, and there are few comparative guides available. It is better to analyze the laws or court decisions of a specific state or to compare the laws and court decisions of several specific states, rather than trying to generalize about the legal criteria followed by all states.

The links in the following notes will take researchers to the appropriate entries in the Library of Congress's online catalog. Sources linked in the previous note sections will not be relinked. Corporate law includes everything related to a client's business affairs. Corporate lawyers work with a combination of small, medium and large companies to ensure that they operate in a manner consistent with the law.

This includes drafting contracts, intellectual property, managing and eliminating the risk of liability, and keeping up to date with regulatory laws. Criminal law revolves around people who commit a crime and break the law. This type of law is established by law. A law establishes the crime and three elements.

The three elements of a crime include the act, the individual's state of mind, and causality. There are different levels of crime: felonies, misdemeanors, incipient crimes and crimes of strict liability. The level of crime is based on the severity of the crime and on different state or federal guidelines. Criminal attorneys represent people facing criminal charges.

This includes bail bonds, bond hearings, plea agreements, trials, revocation hearings, appeals, and post-conviction remedies. In general, the criminal justice system is a complex structure of laws that poses several challenges and great opportunities. Criminal attorneys often face high levels of stress depending on the seriousness of the crime and, often, grueling hours of investigation. Family and child law focuses on issues related to adoptions, child support, domestic abuse, divorce, prenuptial agreements, and more.

Like other practice areas, it may be best for family lawyers to specialize in criminal or immigration law. Especially, involving domestic abuse or citizenship in relation to a child. If you don't intend to work as a lawyer, but want to develop your skills in mediation, conflict resolution, or negotiation, consider earning a master's degree in dispute resolution (MDR). People who earn MDR typically work in the fields of human resources, labor relations, and business management.

If you've already earned a law degree and want to specialize in a particular type of law, such as intellectual property or tax law, earning a Master of Laws (LLM) can help you do that. If you don't intend to practice law, but your job requires you to know legal concepts well, earning a master's degree in legal studies (MLS) can teach you what you need to know. This degree is a popular choice among labor relations specialists, human resource managers, compliance officers, and management analysts. If you're wondering how to become a lawyer, a law degree (JD) is the traditional path for students who plan to take the bar exam and become lawyers or judges.

Earning a doctorate typically requires three years of full-time study, or four to five years for part-time students. Some universities offer their JD programs as part of a joint degree option, which can also take four to five years to complete. Some types of cases that could be carefully examined as a specialty include car accidents, slip and falls, and medical negligence. If you have your JD degree and are ready to specialize in a specific type of law, earning an LLM may be the best option.

This type of law derives directly from the Constitution and falls within the purview of federal law, although state laws have an important effect on bankruptcy proceedings. Before doing so, it's helpful to understand the three main types of laws and the importance of legal jurisdictions. Some law programs prepare students to become lawyers, and others are aimed at students seeking other types of careers that don't involve practicing law. Still, it's a good idea to learn about the different types of legal practice long before you decide to apply to law school.

State legal materials resemble federal legal materials in many ways, but there are differences in the types of publications where they are readily available. The type of law degree you choose should be aligned with your professional goals, your budget, and the length of time you plan to continue your education. Whether you're interested in learning about different practice areas, are new to the legal industry, or are looking to diversify your practice, here's a list of the types of laws. .

Molly Keeny
Molly Keeny

Alcohol practitioner. General coffee fanatic. Amateur introvert. Lifelong social media specialist. Friendly beer advocate. General tv buff.